Our ST Ragavan plantation is spread across the hills of the Idukki district of Kerala. Kerala’s reputation as the land of spices has been well-known from time immemorial. At Mahalakshmi Spices, we undertake organic farming and sustainable agricultural practices.
For cardamom, tropical, hot and humid climates are suitable. The ideal humidity level is 75%. Cardamom (also known as Elachi) is a perennial and herbaceous plant and is known as the queen of spices.
The dried mature fruit of cardamom is called a pod. Cardamom and its powder form are flavouring agents for many food products. It is also used in other items like baked foods and confectionaries. The oil from cardamom is also used to add flavour to processed food and also for Ayurvedic treatments.
The main fields are prepared by clearing the undergrowth and supplementing with organic manure. Planting happens with adequate spacing between the plants and in conditions of light drizzle or rain. Both vegetative and seed-based propagation can be undertaken. Weed control is undertaken as appropriate, and tree shade is required for growth. From the second or third year, they start bearing fruit.
Pepper is the berry of Piper nigrum, a climbing perennial shrub. Pepper is grown on support trees, and the single-seeded fruits grow spirally. The skin is the most pungent part of the fruit. The fruit is spherical in shape and green in colour. It turns red on ripening and black when sun-dried.
Pepper is an essential part of different cuisine and adds excellent flavouring to dishes. It is also a well-known preservative.
Pepper is also called black gold, and the plants mature six months after flowering. It grows well in tropical, hot and humid climates with rain in excess of 200 cm. Again, pepper can also be cultivated through seeds or by vegetative propagation. The plant is bushy in nature and prefers shade.
Harvesting is usually done by hand-picking and is carried out around November.